Rochester was founded shortly after the American Revolution by a wave of English-Puritan descended immigrants from New England who were looking for new agricultural land. They chose the site because its three cataracts on the Genesee offered great potential for water power.
They would be the dominant cultural group in Rochester for over a century. Beginning in 1811, and with a population of 15, the three founders surveyed the land and laid out streets and tracts.
After the Civil War, Rochester had an expansion of new industries in the late 19th century, founded by migrants to the city, such as inventor and entrepreneur George Eastman, who founded Eastman Kodak; and German immigrants John Jacob Bausch and Henry Lomb, who combined technical and financial expertise to launch Bausch & Lomb in 1861.
Not only did they create new industries and thousands of jobs, but Eastman became a major philanthropist, developing and endowing the University of Rochester, its Eastman School of Music and other local institutions.
Allied with the British, four major Iroquois tribes were essentially forced out of New York. (1761–1839), all of Hagerstown, Maryland, purchased a 100-acre (ca.
As a reward for their loyalty to the British Crown, they were given a large land grant on the Grand River in Canada. 40 ha) tract from the state in Western New York along the Genesee River.
The carriage maker James Cunningham and Sons founded a pioneer automobile company – Cunningham.
By 1821, Rochesterville was the seat of Monroe County.The Rochester area has been the birthplace to such corporations as Kodak, Western Union, Bausch & Lomb, Gleason and Xerox that conduct extensive research and manufacturing in the fields of industrial and consumer products.Until 2010, the Rochester metropolitan area was the second-largest regional economy in New York State, according to the U. Internal Revenue Service, after the New York City metropolitan area. Development of modern Rochester followed the American Revolution, and forced cession of their territory by the Iroquois after the defeat of Great Britain.Several of the region's universities (notably the University of Rochester and Rochester Institute of Technology) have renowned research programs.In addition, Rochester is the site of many important inventions and innovations in consumer products.